Faculty of Geography, Lomonosov MSU, Moscow, Russia
Abstract. The results of theoretical studies of the mechanisms of earthquakes and volcanic eruptions are accumulated. A special role in these mechanisms is assigned to deep-seated fluid-saturated zones, whose physical parameters (pressure, volume) determine the conditions for the onset of certain catastrophic events inside the earth’s crust.
Keywords: volcano, earth crust, fluid, earthquake mechanism, volcanic eruption mechanism, fluid-saturated zones.